In the Critical Thinking Project, the discussion asked the question of sincerity and post-truth. Often, especially diverse experts and politicians argue that Russians and Estonians live in parallel infoworlds. During the discussion, the term post-truth emerged. According to the Oxford Dictionary, post-truth means “circumstances in which objective facts influence public opinion less than emotions or personal beliefs.” Because of the prefix, one might think that the term is talking about a situation where we already know the truth, but this is not the case. The Oxford Dictionary has recognized the term as the word of the year 2016, but it often turns out that we are not at all living in an era of post-truth – we live in a world of lies, and have always lived in it.
Post-truth is not a new phenomenon. The entire 20th century is an era of post-truth, an era of ideological and propaganda regimes that seek to manipulate public opinion and the consciousness of people. For all the differences, post-truth regimes had one thing in common: they appealed not to reason and common sense, but to strong feelings and emotions. Continue reading
For the participants in the training and discussion of the Media Critical Thinking project, attention was paid to the analysis of Russian information sources, since very often one can hear summaries from Estonian journalists and politicians that there are two parallel information spaces. Estonia is too small a country, and those whose native language is Russian, only about 300 thousand people live here, one way or another every fourth is Russian-speaking, and there is no diversity of Russian-language media.
What changed? The number of Russian journalists and the quality of publications in the Russian language, these are mistakes and misprints, grammar and style of translations, and the presence of readers. Although some Russian-language media can rightfully be considered “historical” in Estonia. Thus, the cable TV channel “Orsent”, operating since 1992, is the oldest commercial TV channel in the country. And the newspaper Estonia, which ceased to exist in 2004, was the last periodical in the country to be published on A2 paper, while all other newspapers switched to the more readable modern A3 format much earlier. Continue reading Media transformation for Russian speakers in Estonia
Reporting from an online parent meeting of parents and teenagers who are consumers of tiktok services
Agatha Nilsson, mother of two boys. “When my kids said they wanted to chat with their classmates on TikTok, I said wait a minute, I need to learn more about this opportunity. TikTok was created by ByteDance, a Chinese IT company. It also owns the well-known news portal Tutiao and a number of other developments (Xigua Video, TopVideo, BuzzVideo). In 2016, ByteDance released the Douyin app to the Chinese market. The success of the new development was not long in coming, and a year later the company entered the vastness of the world Internet, creating the very TikTok. Now both applications exist independently of each other, as national and international alternatives to the same development. in 2017, it surpassed Instagram and Facebook in the number of downloads, breaking the threshold of two billion. But despite the impressive numbers, many have never even heard of the app’s existence. According to Oberlo statistics, TikTok has a fairly narrow audience: from 14 to 24 years old. The popularity among young people is explained by the clip format and rapidly changing content. The maximum length of a video on TikTok is only a minute, and most videos fit even within 15 seconds. It is much easier for the modern generation Z to “swallow” this format, since their attention span is several times shorter. The active global audience of TikTok at the end of October was 500 million users. ” Continue reading TikTok is not always TOP
While participating in the project “Critical Thinking of Copper”, I had many questions about the sources of information, the reasons, risks and dangers of fake news. Tallinn University master’s student Aleksey Ivanov answered the interview questions.
What is the most common food consumed by humanity?
In the 21st century, this is the most diverse information. But fakes are increasingly common, they are difficult to distinguish from the truth and to suffer from fake information in the mass media. The world is flooded with fake news, disinformation, misinformation, Internet ducks, cunning audiences, consumer society, globalization of the planet, fiction, fake, website, social networks, blog , blogger, forum, photo and video hosting, non-standard. The demand for information has always been high. Especially in the current conditions, its role and importance are growing more than ever. Continue reading Critically about fakes: the dangers and risks of news in the media
On the 4th and 5th February 2021 in Narva has been happened two interesting events, a training and public debates, developed specially for Russian speaking people.
The training “Development of critical thinking and media competencies in youth and youth workers” is aimed at acquiring media competencies and analytical skills of critical thinking about media, communication technologies among young people, in addition to this, young people and youth workers will get acquainted with tools and sources of information that require specialist advice and assistance, as well as practical work. The training is conducted by competent professionals with extensive practical experience in the field of media. Continue reading Project first training and public discussion has happened in Narva
In the 20th century, the aphorism was popular: “Knowledge is power”, by increasing the scale and paradigm of the 21st century, any information becomes power, deepening media and digital literacy, especially of young people, creating public opinion, developing reading skills and creating media content, inspiring young people / leaders public opinion to co-authorship of the media and the development of critical thinking. The ability to be critical of one’s own facts, one’s own priorities, enhances the dialogue of culture, predicting the results of discussions. Critical thinking is the ability not only to eat information, but to process it, analyze it, form your own attitude towards it and make informed decisions. The basic model of technology for the development of critical thinking, three stages: the first stage is a challenge. the second stage is comprehension. the third stage is reflection.
What makes critical thinking impossible: intellectual laziness, arrogance, lack of respect for evidence, argumentation, They can form the so-called tunnel thinking, due to which a person does not notice anything that is happening outside the perimeter of this corridor. Taking a critical approach can help you avoid these pitfalls and teach you to think more effectively. Digital tools and what you can do in them – interactive, fast, exciting and new, offers to experience success, consolation-recognition, a sense of control, unexpected rewards, etc. stimulates the brain. Therefore, it is very easy for all of us (and, above all, children and young people, whose brains are still developing and very sensitive and receptive to changes), it is very easy to become addicted to the Internet.
Continue reading Is Internetinfo power? Critical thoughts …
Critical Thinking Media programm has been developed specially for Russian speaking people of North Estonia (Harjumaa and Ida-Virumaa country) to develop young people’s and local community leader`s (difference age, intergenerational perspective) media reading and content creation skills by encouraging young people/local community representatives to be a media co-creators, to think critically about media content and their own media habits and organizing discussions on the role of the media as both stereotypes and breakers and by cooperating with local outlets and training young journalists/students to combat fake news and racism.
Main activities includes of the project is social media training and social-political public discussions/debates on selected themes between invited experts, community leaders (different age) and local government representatives, young people and guest journalists. Continue reading Critical Thinking Media programm has been officially launched on the 1st of February 2021